Top Ten 1031 Exchange Misconceptions
1. LIKE-KIND MEANS I MUST EXCHANGE THE SAME TYPE OF PROPERTY, SUCH AS APARTMENT BUILDING FOR APARTMENT BUILDING.
All real property is like-kind to other real property. For example, you can trade an apartment building for an office building. To read more about like-kind real estate, click here.
2. MY ATTORNEY CAN HANDLE THIS FOR ME.
Not if your attorney has provided you any non-exchange related legal services within the two-year period prior to the exchange. Click here to read more about qualified and disqualified parties.
3. I MUST LITERALLY “SWAP” MY PROPERTY WITH ANOTHER INVESTOR.
No. A 1031 exchange allows you to sell your relinquished property and purchase replacement property from a third party. Watch a short video on the basic process of a 1031 exchange.
4. 1031 EXCHANGES ARE TOO COMPLICATED.
They don’t have to be. An experienced Qualified Intermediary will work with you and your tax and/or legal advisors to make sure the process is as seamless as possible. Go here to read frequently asked questions and answers about doing a 1031 exchange.
5. THE SALE AND PURCHASE MUST TAKE PLACE SIMULTANEOUSLY.
No. The taxpayer has 45 days to identify the new replacement property and 180 days to close.
6. I JUST NEED TO FILE A FORM WITH THE IRS WITH MY TAX RETURN AND “ROLL OVER” THE PROCEEDS INTO A NEW INVESTMENT.
No. A valid exchange requires much more than just reporting the transaction on Form 8824. One of the biggest traps when not structured properly is the taxpayer having actual or constructive rights to the exchange proceeds and triggering a taxable event. For more information on tax filing requirements, go here.
7. 1031 EXCHANGES CAN ALSO BE USED ON PERSONAL PROPERTY.
No. 1031 exchanges are only for real property.
8. ALL OF THE FUNDS FROM THE SALE OF THE RELINQUISHED PROPERTY MUST BE REINVESTED.
No. A taxpayer can choose to withhold funds or receive other property in an exchange, but it is considered boot and will be subject to federal and state taxes. To understand more about boot, read on.
9. 1031 EXCHANGES ARE JUST FOR BIG INVESTORS.
No. Anyone owning investment property with a market value greater than its adjusted basis should consider a 1031 exchange. To see how 1031 Exchanges benefit all real estate investors, click here.
10. I MUST HOLD PROPERTY LONGER THAN A YEAR BEFORE EXCHANGING IT.
The 1031 regulations do not list a time requirement on how long you must hold property, but it does say that property must be “held for productive use in a trade or business or for investment”.
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